Sunday, December 27, 2015

December - Engineers Birthdays

28  Linus Torvalds - linux system
KARRY Banks Mullis - Chemistry N W
William Draper Harkins - predicted existence of neutrons

29 Henry Gaston Busignirs - invented HF/DF system
Alexander Parkes - produced plastic first
Charles Goodyear - inventor of vulvanisation process
Charles MACINTOSH - invented rubberized water proof cloth. Patented steel making process

30 RodneyAllen Brookes - Aautonomous robots

John Milnr - Seismograph

31 

Wednesday, December 16, 2015

Toyota Motor's remodeled Prius hybrid 2015



Toyota Motor's remodeled Prius hybrid. The car is available for sale in Japan in Decemer 2015. It will be available in other markets in January 2016.


The car is 25% more fuel-efficient than its predecessor.  It is due to  a revamped gasoline engine and a design that reduces air resistance. The company claims mileage of 40.8km per liter of gas

The new Prius prices in Japan range  from 2.42 million to 3.39 million yen ($19,500 to $27,300). In Japan, the sales estimate is  monthly sales of 12,000 units.


http://asia.nikkei.com/Japan-Update/Revamped-Prius-goes-on-sale

SkyDeck, A Bubble-style Window in Air Planes



http://fortune.com/2015/12/15/skydeck/


The company says SkyDeck will transform in-flight entertainment.

Windspeed Technologies, a private aerospace engineering services company, has come out with this new in-flight entertainment.

The company’s website describes SkyDeck as a “semi-external location” that gives passengers a more fuller view of the space around  than they’d get from a regular window seat.

Thursday, November 12, 2015

Diamond Foundry to Manufacture Synthetic Diamonds More Quickly and Cheaply - 2015



The founders of Nanosolar, a large start-up that raised about half a billion dollars in its first six years, began exploring ways to use  their expertise to new technologies.

A group of engineers and scientists, led by R. Martin Roscheisen, a founder of Nanosolar, announced on 11 November 2015  that they had developed an advanced approach to making diamonds, using technology developed using processes used in making silicon chips and solar cells.

The technology will be used  a new company,  Diamond Foundry.  It  claims to have made proprietary breakthroughs  and it will be able to  manufacture high-quality diamonds more quickly and cost-effectively than with existing technologies..

The first synthetic diamonds appeared in the early 1950s.

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/12/science/borrowing-from-solar-and-chip-tech-to-make-diamonds-faster-and-cheaper.html


Tuesday, October 13, 2015

Fully Transparent Solar Panel cum Solar Cell




Researchers at Michigan State University have created a fully transparent solar concentrator, which could turn any window  into a photovoltaic solar cell.

Richard Lunt, who led the research, and the team are confident that the transparent solar panels can be efficiently deployed in a wide range of settings, from “tall buildings with lots of windows or any kind of mobile device


The technololgy used is a transparent luminescent solar concentrator (TLSC). The TLSC consists of organic salts that absorb specific non-visible wavelengths of ultraviolet and infrared light, which they then luminesce (glow) as another wavelength of infrared light (also non-visible). This emitted infrared light is guided to the edge of plastic, where thin strips of conventional photovoltaic solar cell convert it into electricity. [Research paper: DOI: 10.1002/adom.201400103 - "Near-Infrared Harvesting Transparent Luminescent Solar Concentrators"]


http://www.offgridquest.com/extra/a-fully-transparent-solar-cell-that-coul

Model X SUV - Tesla





http://www.teslamotors.com/modelx




__________________________

__________________________


6 vehicles delivered.
Order bookings are now taking place for late 2016 delivery.

Sunday, June 28, 2015

Page-turning Scanners



Google engineer builds $1,500 page-turning scanner out of sheet metal and a vacuum
By Jeff Blagdon  on November 13, 2012
http://www.theverge.com/2012/11/13/3639016/google-books-scanner-vacuum-diy

Friday, April 3, 2015

Computer Integrated Manufacturing - Introduction - Rehg & Kraebber

http://www.engr.sjsu.edu/sobi/Tech%20180B%20Readings.htm

This article is based on  the summary made by Dr. Samuel C. Obi. I am trying to modifying and linking various articles that I already wrote on industrial engineering and manufacturing management.  Many of the issues discussed in this summary are relevant to Production Industrial Engineering a subject that I am now proposing.

Introduction to CIM Technology

Objectives:
a)     Describe the nature of computer integrated manufacturing enterprise
b)     Define computer integrated manufacturing (CIM)
c)      Develop an understanding of the basic components of CIM
d)     Develop an understanding of the goals and objectives of CIM
e)     Explore various manufacturing practices and the various issues related to the application of CIM

Rehg & Kraebber, Chapter 1: The manufacturing Enterprise

Introduction:
·           Manufacturing enterprise is a collection of interrelated activities that includes product design and documentation, material selection, planning, production, quality assurance, management, and marketing of goods
·           The fundamental goal of the enterprise is to use these activities to convert raw materials into finished goods on a profitable basis
·          


·        To be successful, a manufacturer must meet two challenges: external and internal challenges



External Challenges result from:
Niche market entrants, traditional competition, suppliers, partnerships and alliances, customers, global economy, cost of money, and the Internet

Internal Challenges result in:
A plan, process, or manufacturing strategy that forces congruence between the corporate objectives and marketing goals and production capability of a company

Order-winning criteria:
Defined as the minimum level of operational capabilities required to get an order. They include:
Price
Quality
Delivery speed
Innovation ability

Changing the product life cycle:
Kiazen or improvement of current model
Leaping or developing a new product similar to the initial product
Innovation or using genuine new product invention to identify follow-up merchandise

Order-winning versus order-qualifying criteria:
Market share is increased when the order-winning criteria are understood and executed better than the competition

Meeting the internal challenge:

Analyze every product and agree on the order-qualifying and order-winning criteria for the product at the current stage in it’s life
Project the order-winning criteria for the future stages in every product’s life
Determine the fit between the required process capability and the existing capability in manufacturing
Change/modify the marketing goals, or upgrade the manufacturing processes and infrastructure to force internal consistency

World-class order-winning criteria:
Setup time or time required to get a machine ready for production
Quality or % of defective parts produced or % of total sales
Manufacturing space ratio or a measure of how efficiently manufacturing space is utilized
Inventory: Velocity/residence time
Flexibility or a measure of the number of different parts that can be produced on the same machine
Distance or total linear feet of a part’s travel through the plant from raw material in receiving to finished products in shipping
Uptime or % of time a machine is producing to specifications compared to total time that production can be scheduled


Computer-integrated manufacturing defined:
CIM is the integration of the total manufacturing enterprise through the use of integrated systems and data communications coupled with new managerial philosophies that improve organizational and personal efficiency




Learning CIM concepts:
Process segments

Going for the Globe:
The CIM process: Step 1 (assessment of the enterprise in technology, human resources, and systems)
The CIM process: Step 2 (simplification or elimination of waste)
The CIM process: Step 3 (implementation with performance measures)



Free Market Economy Defined
An economic system in which the production and distribution of goods and services is not controlled by the government, but rather takes place through the mechanism of free markets which is guided by a free price system

Production-Oriented Activities In A Free Market Economy

Sales and marketing
Design
Production engineering
Manufacturing






Manufacturing personnel should be flexible and mobile
There is a need to learn cultures that are different from ours
Locality’s manufacturing programs should be more functional relative to area’s needs
Employ an interdisciplinary approach to make programs more agile and adaptable




Rehg & Kraebber, Chapter 2: Manufacturing Systems

Manufacturing system classifications:

Project
Job shop
Repetitive
Line
Continuous

Production strategy classification:
Relative to customer lead time
Relative to manufacturing lead time
Manufacturing lead time and customer lead time must be matched

Categories of production strategies used to match customer and manufacturing lead times:
Engineer to order (ETO)
Make to order (MTO)
Assemble to order (ATO)
Make to stock (MTS)

Product development cycle:

New product development
Existing product changes

Enterprise organization:
A successful CIM implementation requires an understanding of the functions performed by each block of an enterprise. They include:

Sales and promotion
Finance and management
Product/process definition
Manufacturing planning and control
Shop floor
Support organizations

Manual production operations:
Activity enters system as either a design or request for engineering action
Product design uses CAD to make the drawing
The product definition group lists the different parts of the drawing as BOM
The manufacturing definition group separates the BOM into those to be purchased and those to be manufactured inside
Manufacturing process planning determines the type of machines and process sequences required to process the parts
The business production planning produces the production schedule

Implementing a CIM system enhances and automates the above manual production operations


What is CIM?
C + I + M
C = Computer
                  It is an      i. Enabling tool. It facilitates ii. Information flow
                        iii. Information management
I = Integrated
                        i. Integration vs. interfacing
                        ii. Shared information
                        iii. Shared functionality
M = Manufacturing
                        i. Production control
                        ii. Production scheduling
                        iii. Process design
                        iv. Product design
                        v. Manufacturing enterprise


Different definitions for different users
                        i. Shop communications
                        ii. Recurring processes
                        iii. Non-recurring processes
                        iv. Engineering/manufacturing communication
                        v. Other users
                        vi. Improving communication through CIM




Computer Integrated  Manufacturing
A) Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) systems technology refers to the technology, tool or method used to improve entirely the design and manufacturing process and increase productivity, to help people and machines to communicate. It includes CAD (Computer-Aided Design), CAM (Computer- Aided Manufacturing), CAPP (Computer-Aided Process Planning, CNC (Computer Numerical Control Machine tools), DNC (Direct Numerical Control Machine tools), FMS (Flexible Machining Systems), ASRS (Automated Storage and Retrieval Systems), AGV (Automated Guided Vehicles), use of robotics and automated conveyance, computerized scheduling and production control, and a business system integrated by a common database. (Houston Cole Library)                                                                                                                                                
B) Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) is the process of automating various functions in a manufacturing company (business, engineering, and production) by integrating the work through computer networks and common databases. CIM is a critical element in the competitive strategy of global manufacturing firms because it lowers costs, improves delivery times and improves quality. (Amatrol)

Potential Benefits of CIM

Shorter time to market with new products
Increase in manufacturing productivity
Shorter customer lead times
Improved quality
Improved customer service
Shorter vendor lead times
Reduced inventory levels
Greater flexibility and responsiveness
Lower total cost
Great long - term flexibility



UNIT 2: COMPONENTS OF COMPUTER INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING

Objectives:
a)     Explore the design, nature and relationships of CIM sub-systems
b)     Develop an advanced understanding of CIM sub-systems
c)      Describe activities performed in each CIM sub-system
d)     Determine the nature of enabling technologies behind each CIM sub-system
e)     Relate the concept of CIM to a manufacturing enterprise’s model


Rehg & Kraebber: Chapter 3: Product Design and Production Engineering

Product design and production engineering:
These areas or departments are appropriate starting points for a detailed study of CIM
The two have embraced and encouraged the use of technology to reduce many tedious manual tasks
The initial creation of data starts in these areas
It is appropriate to have a common data base for all the data

Organizational Model:
Design information flow
The product area is responsible for product design and analysis, material selection, and design and production documentation
The production engineering area adds production standards for labor, process, and quality to the product data from design area.
Engineering release is responsible for product change control.

The design process: A model:
·        Although there is a five-step design process, marketing plays a role before design engineering picks up
·        Form (shape, style, and character), fit (marketing fit or order winning criteria), and function are determined  with data from marketing department


Step 1: Conceptualization (recognition of need & definition of the problem)
Divided into two: Typical and atypical
Typical design relates to repetitive design
Atypical design is for new product
Step 2: Synthesis:
Specification of material
Addition of geometric features
Inclusion of greater dimensional details to conceptualized design
Removes (filters) cost-adding features and materials
Employs DFM and DFA to ensure good design
About 70% of manufacturing cost is fixed in steps 1 and 2 activities
Step 3: Analysis:
Analysis means determining/describing the nature of the design by separating it into its parts to determine the fit between the proposed design and the original design goals
Two categories of analysis are mass properties and finite
Can be performed manually, but the computer increases analysis capability and reduces its time

Step 4: Evaluation:
Checks the design against the original specifications
Often requires construction of a prototype to test for conformance
Often employs rapid prototyping technique
Documentation:
Creating all necessary product and part views in the form of working drawings, detailed and assembly drawings
Addition of dimensions, tolerances, special manufacturing notes, and standard components
Creation of part numbers, bill of materials, and detailed part specifications
Creation of product electronic data files used by manufacturing planning and control, production engineering, marketing and quality control

Concurrent Engineering:
Implies that the design of a product and the systems to manufacture, service, and dispose it are considered from the initial design concept
The traditional systems (process and disadvantages)
The new model for product design (participation in product deign broadens)
Automating the concurrent engineering process

Production Engineering:
Has the responsibility for developing a plan for the manufacture of the new or modified product.
Its seven areas of activities include process planning, NC/CNC programming, tool/fixture engineering, work & production standards, plant engineering, analysis for manufacturability and assembly, and manufacturing cost estimation
Concurrent engineering is used to bring production engineering activities together


Production Engineering Activities


Came across this process in Mallikarjuna Rao's Book.  Page 69.

Process planning:

The procedure used to develop a detailed list of manufacturing operations required for the production of a part or product
Every part to be made has a routing sheet prepared
Routing sheets (also called process plans or operation sheets) describe the sequence of operations required to produce the finished product
The time data include setup time, unit run time, queue time etc.
The operation sheet also includes tooling, jig/fixtures needed, machines, operator skill levels and other key information needed.
In CIM environment, the operation sheet need not move with the part. The process information can be viewed on computer terminals

Production machine programming (NC, CNC and CAM)

Tool and fixture engineering:

Used to hold and position work while cutting
Request for this is made by production engineering
Tooling normally begins after the design is completed

Work and production standards:

Using direct time studies
Using motion and time measurement (MTM) or standard time data

Plant engineering (for the construction of a new facility when necessary)

Analysis for manufacturability and assembly


Design for manufacturing and assembly (DFMA)
Concept of DFX

Manufacturing cost estimation


Using manual approach
Using software packages

Rehg & Kraebber: Chapter 10: Production Process Machines and Systems

A part spends only 5% of the total time utilized for production on the machine
Only 1% is used for material removal
Load, unload and gauging take another 4% of the time
The majority of production time (95%) is divided among setup, moving, waiting, and inspection time
Production machines are producing nothing during setup, moving, waiting, load, unload and gauging times
Reducing these wasted times is the goal of world-class manufacturing

Material and machine processes:
Process operations are classified as:
Primary operations (converts raw material into basic geometry required for the finished product, e.g. casting, forming, sawing and oxyfuel and arc cutting)
Secondary operations (gives the raw material its final shape, e.g. turning, boring, milling, drilling, reaming, grinding and nontraditional machining processes)
Physical properties operations (changes physical properties but not the part geometry, e.g. heat treating)
Finishing operations, e.g. painting, plating, and etching/pickling
Flexible manufacturing. Flexibility refers to:
The number of different parts that a workstation can produce under normal production conditions
The ability to adapt easily to engineering changes in the part
The increase in the number of similar parts produced on the system
The ability to accommodate routing changes that allow a part to be produced on different types of machines
The ability to change the system setup rapidly from one type of production to another
Group technology focuses on the design of production cells to handle a family of parts with common production characteristics
Flexible manufacturing systems:
A group of NC machine tools that can randomly process a group of parts, having automatic material handling and central control to balance resource utilization dynamically so that the system can adapt automatically to changes in parts production, mixes, and levels of output.
An FMS is a collection of hardware linked together by computer software.
It includes NC and CNC machines, tooling and setup systems, part cleaning, deburring stations, material automatic storage and retrieval systems, CMM, and is linked by automatic material handling system such as robots, AGVs, and belt conveyors.
A minimum of five technology levels are present in an FMS:
Enterprise level for scheduling, programming, purchase orders and shipping documents
System level for coolant/chip, computer-controlled carts, downloading of codes, synchronization of cell operations, calibration and setup of tools, tool/material/finished goods inventory tracking
Cell level for machining cells, tool gauge and calibration station, material load and unload stations, testing and quality control cell, and part washing cell
Machine level for CNC machining centers, manual operations, AGVs, work holders and changers, quality testing machines, automatic parts washing machines, and tool interchange stations
Device level for sensors, ac and dc motors, pneumatic and hydraulic components, tools, fixtures, electrical components, connectors, wire, and fiber optics
FMC versus FMS:
An FMC is a group of related machines that perform a particular process or step in a larger manufacturing process
The production building blocks used to assemble an FMS are flexible manufacturing cells
Production machines can be a combination of manual and computer-controlled machines
Frequently, one operator runs two CNC machines, a process called two-to-one operation
Fixed high-volume automation:
Manufacturing systems capable of satisfying this type of production are called transfer machines or transfer lines
These large volume production systems are collectively called Detroit-type, fixed, or hard automation
Two types available: In-line and rotary fixed automation


OTHER MATERIALS

Changing Needs Call for New Methods
Complexity forces division of labor
Technology Growth
Availability of computers
NC programming
CAD systems
Databases
Need for data sharing
·        Data Integrity
Current Capabilities and Applications
·        Networks
·        Hardware communications
·        Embedded computers
·        Systems integration
Problems to Overcome in Implementing CIM
·        Interdepartmental support/politics
·        CIM justification
·        Intangible benefits
Additional Aspects of CIM
·        Simulation
·        Organizational awareness
·        File management systems
·        The “paperless factory”
·        Features-based design systems
·        Evolving standards (IGES, PDES, CALS)
·        Concurrent engineering




Factory of the Future

Manufacturing Today
As islands of automation
Implementing automaton and the need for standards
The role of the computer in computer-integrated manufacturing
Managing change
Planning for the Factory of the Future
o       The “as is” factory scenario
o       The “to be” factory scenario
o       JIT manufacturing
o       GT manufacturing
o       Types of manufacturing systems
o       Automated material handling
o       Scheduling system
o       Control functions
o       Machine tool requirements
o       Unattended machine operation
Evolution of Manufacturing
·        Manufacturing partnerships
o       Role of the employee
o       Customer and supplier roles

Unit 3: Computer Integrated Manufacturing Technology: (CAD & CAM)

Objectives:
a)     Apply CIM concepts in the creation of an appropriate database
b)     Develop product from CAD-CAM interface as CIM sub-systems
c)      Describe the concept of computer numerical control programming as part of CIM
d)     Describe the role of inventory control system in CIM environment
e)     Generate and edit part programs using latest CAM software
f)        Develop the concept of group technology as an aspect of CIM

REHG & KRAEBBER, CHAPTER 4: DESIGN AUTOMATION: CAD

CAD is the application of computers and graphics software to aid or enhance the product design from conceptualization to documentation.
Computer-aided drafting (CAD) automates the drawing or product documentation process.
Computer-aided design (CAD) is used to increase the productivity of the product designers.

CAD system capabilities include:
Stand-alone PC and RISC-based CAD workstations at each engineering and design drafting location
The ability to share part data and product information with every station in the system
Access to part data files from the mainframe computers on the network
Shared peripheral resources such as printers and plotters
Concurrent work on the same project from multiple workstations, one of the reasons our team project needs a web site or data base.

Basic CAD system includes:
Keyboard
Input devices
Output devices

Application of CAD to manufacturing systems:
Concept and repetitive design (product, fixtures, gauges, pallets, mold, etc.)
Drafting
New product development management (PDM) and the Internet

Rehg & Kraebber, Chapter 5: Design Automation: Computer-Aided Engineering

·        Computer-aided engineering (CAE) is the analysis of the engineering design using computer-based techniques to calculate product operational, functional, and manufacturing parameters too complex for classical methods.
·        CAE also provides productivity tools to aid production engineering area by providing software to support group technology (GT), computer-aided process planning (CAPP), and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM)


Design for manufacture and assembly (DFMA):

·        DFMA is any procedure or design process that considers the production factors from the beginning of the product design.
·        Originated from producibility engineering (DFM) and design for assembly (DFA)


Computer-aided engineering analysis:

·        Finite-element analysis (most frequently used)
·        Mass property analysis


Computer-aided engineering evaluation:

·        Prototyping
o       Rapid prototyping
§         Stereolithography
§         Solid ground curing
§         Selective laser sintering
§         Three-dimensional printing
§         Fused-deposition modeling
§         Laminated object manufacturing


Group Technology (GT):

·        GT is a manufacturing philosophy that justifies small and medium-sized batch production by capitalizing on design and/or manufacturing similarities among component parts.
·        Coding and classification:
o       Coding is a systematic process of establishing an alphanumeric value for parts based on selected part features.
o       Classification is the grouping of parts based on code values
o       Coding and classification in GT are highly interactive because the coding system must be designed to produce classified groups with the correct combination of common features.
·        In GT production cells, groups of different machines are identified based on their ability to produce families of parts.


Computer-aided process planning (CAPP):

·        Consistent and correct process planning requires both knowledge of the manufacturing processes and experience.
·        Two automation techniques are called variant and generative process planning.
·        The CAPP variant approach uses a library of manually prepared process plans in the database and a retrieval system to match components on new parts to existing process pans of similar components.
·        The CAPP generative approach utilizes a process information knowledge base that includes the decision logic used by expert human planners.


Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM):

·        CAM is the effective use of computer technology in the planning, management, and control of production for the enterprise.
·        One of the major applications of CAM is in CAD/CAM where the part geometry created with CAD in the design engineering is used with CAM software to create machine code (NC/CNC) capable of machining the part.
·        Production and process modeling
·        Production and process simulation
·        Production cost analysis


Design and production engineering network demands:

·        A common database for enterprise information flow
·        Easy, accurate and instantaneous movement of part geometry files and product data between departments
·        An enterprise network is a communications system that supports communications and the exchange of information and data among various devices connected to the network over distances from several feet to thousands of miles

Review and Other Materials

Manufacturing Product Planning
·        Market Research and Forecasting
·        Product Design
o                   Expert systems
o                   Design considerations
·        Group Technology (GT)
o       Reasons for adopting GT
o       Benefits of GT
§                     Benefits in product design
§                     Standardization of tooling and setup
§                     More efficient material handling
§                     Increased economies of batch-type production
§                     Easier scheduling
§                     Reduced work-in-process and lead time
§                     Faster and more rational process planning

Production Engineering
·        Manufacturing engineering
Process planning engineering
The planning process
Process planner qualifications
Automation of process planning
Geometric tolerance stacking
o       Tool design engineering
o       NC programming engineering
·        Industrial engineering

Computer Fundamentals
·        Microcomputers
·        Minicomputers
·        Mainframe computers
·        Distributed processing

Computer Numerical Control
·        Control features
o       Types of interpolation (linear, circular, helical & parabolic)
o       CSFM programming
o       Parametric programming
o       Digitizing programming
o       Centerline programming
o       Adaptive control
o       Over travel monitoring
o       Mathematical capability
·        Management features

Distributive Numerical Control (DNC)
·        Conventional system
·        CNC “behind the reader” system
·        DNC minicomputer system

Integrated Machine Tool Control Systems
·        Communication protocols and MAP
·        Factory floor networks
·        Cell controllers


UNIT 4: MANUFACTURING PLANNING, CONTROL AND SCHEDULING IN CIM ENVIRONMENT

Objectives:
a)     Develop a general understanding of manufacturing planning and control in a CIM environment
b)     Employ scheduling strategies employed in a CIM enterprise
c)      Describe inventory management techniques as applied to CIM
d)     Explore different forecasting techniques used in modern manufacturing
e)     Describe quantitative methods, software applications, and financial management employed in a CIM environment

REHG & KRAEBBER, CHAPTER 6: INTRODUCTION TO PRODUCTION/OPERATIONS PLANNING
The planning functions have formal interfaces with both the design and production departments and informal relationships with most of the enterprise. The operations management functions are a critical part of the CIM implementation.

Operations management:
Has the responsibility for the administration of enterprise systems used to create good or provide services.
For example, the factory management must design new products, redesign current models, test designs, order raw materials, determine product mix and quantity to produce, schedule the production machines, maintain production hardware and software, and adjust fixed and variable resources to meet changes in the market.

Manufacturing planning and control:
All planning has a time horizon, e.g. number of days, months or years
Enterprise planning is divided into three levels
The strategic plan is generally long range: one year to many years
The strategic plan is performed at highest level in management
The aggregate plan has an intermediate-length time horizon of about two to eight months
The aggregate plan emphasizes levels of employment, output, inventories, back orders, and subcontractors
The goal of aggregate planning is the generation of a production plan that utilizes the enterprise resources efficiently to meet customer demand
The production plan and forecasted customer demand provides the aggregate information from which the disaggregate master production schedule (MPS) is produced
The development of MPS data is the start of disaggregate planning
The disaggregate plan provides short-range planning with detailed plans that include machine loading, part routing, job sequencing, lot sizes, safety stock, and order quantities.
The disaggregate plan has the shortest time horizon
o       The term disaggregate means to separate into component parts
At disaggregate planning level, an aggregate plan is disaggregated into all the various models and options necessary to meet customer demand
The first step in disaggregation is the creation of MPS from the aggregate production plan
The material requirement planning (MRP) strategy in the manufacturing planning and control (MPC) system is a very useful tool at the disaggregate level
MRP system addresses the need for parts management of complex products and product mixes with high rates of production
MRP process starts with the MPS providing the quantity of each model or part required (gross requirement) per period
The bill of materials (or BOM in the form of product structure diagram) and current inventory provide critical information for an effective MRP system
The product structure diagram illustrates clearly the sequence required to build the product, with the 0 level representing the finished product
The bill of materials provides the MRP system with the part number and quantity of all parts required to build and assemble the product
The inventory control system supplies the MRP system with the projected on-hand balance of all parts and materials listed on the BOM
The MRP run produces the requirements for purchasing and production that are needed to complete the master schedule

Part routing, lead times and capacity planning:
·        The routing sheet specifies each production operation and the work center location
·        Lead time includes four elements: run time, setup time, move time and queue time (setup time, move time and queue time add no value)
·        Capacity requirement planning (CRP) works with the system data to calculate the labor and machine time requirements needed to complete the master production schedule

Production activity control:
·        Production activity control or shop-floor control manages the detailed flow of materials inside the production facility
·        It uses three different processes for scheduling production in manufacturing: Gantt charts, priority rules for sequencing jobs at work center, and finite loading
·        Finite and infinite loading techniques are similar to daily production schedule process

Rehg & Kraebber, Chapter 7: Detailed Planning and Production-Scheduling Systems
·  The manufacturing planning and control (MPC) process in the CIM enterprise is responsible for the aggregate and disaggregate planning of production and scheduling of manufacturing resources
·  The aggregate plan starts with a production plan stated in broad product specifications
·  The first disaggregate plan, broken into specific product models, is called the master production schedule (MPS)
·  The MPS states the production plan for each model for several production periods in the MPS record
·  The output of the MPS record provides the data for the material requirements planning (MRP) scheduling system
·  Much of the contents of this chapter was covered in Tech 147

Rehg & Kraebber, Chapter 8: Enterprise Resource Planning and Beyond
·  APICS Dictionary defined enterprise resource planning (ERP) as a method for the effective planning and control of all resources needed to take, make, and account for customer orders in a manufacturing, distribution, or service company
·  ERP is one of the newer system concepts that focuses on the integration of business systems
·  These integrated systems support all of the functional departments in the enterprise: sales and order entry, engineering, manufacturing, finance and accounting, distribution, order planning and execution, and the supply chain flow
·  Tech 149 team project can take advantage of this philosophy in its concurrent engineering approach
·  Since businesses are increasingly focusing on customers, customer relationship management (CRM) systems are being developed to help companies manage the information they have about their customers, the products these customers buy, and the way the customers prefer to do business
·  Some related aspects of ERP include:
o       Product data management (PDM)
o       Information technology issues (data collection issues and system integration problems)
o       The role of the internet
o       Sample ERP systems include: PeopleSoft, SAP R/3, Oracle, Sterling, Legacy, and JBA (see page 337)
Rehg & Kraebber, Chapter 9: The Revolution in Manufacturing
·        Several technologies and philosophies have revolutionized manufacturing in recent years. Some of these are covered in this chapter

Just-In Time (JIT) Manufacturing:
·        Just-In-Time manufacturing (JIT) encompasses every aspect of manufacturing, from design engineering to delivery of the finished goods, and includes all stages in the processing of raw material
·        JIT is much more that material-ordering plan that schedules deliveries at the time of need
·        JIT focuses on the elimination of the seven wastes found in manufacturing practices, namely:
1.      Waste of overproduction
2.      Waste of waiting
3.      Waste of transportation
4.      Waste of processing
5.      Waste of stocks
6.      Waste of motion
7.      Waste of making defective products
·        Elements of JIT include:
o       Technology management
1.      Structured flow manufacturing
2.      Small lot production
3.      Setup reduction
4.      Fitness for use
o       People management
1.      Total employee involvement
2.      Control through visibility
3.      Housekeeping
4.      Total quality focus
o       Systems management
1.      Level load and balanced flow
2.      Preventive maintenance
3.      Supplier partnerships
4.      Pull system

Kanban (Card):
·        Kanban is a Japanese word that means “card”
·        These cards in effect replace all work orders and inventory move tickets
·        Within the MPC system, kanban controls the flow of production material
·        One- and two-card kanban systems are in common use
·        Kanban supports a pull (JIT) system

Drum-Buffer-Rope System

Lean Production
Other Related Materials:

Material requirements planning:
·  Understanding the MRP record: Some definitions:
o       Period number (time duration used in MRP planning process; one period represents a day, week, or month)
o       Part number (identifies the specific part being planned for)
o       Gross requirements (equals the anticipated future demand for an item per period)
o       Scheduled receipts (all orders released to manufacturing or to suppliers through purchase orders)
o       Projected on hand (the calculated inventory for the item projected through all the periods on the record)
o       Planned order receipts (indicate when a planned order would be received if the planned order release date is exercised)
o       Planned order releases (the suggested order quantity, release date, and due date generated by using MRP software)
o       Lead time (time between release of an order and the completion or delivery of the order)
o       Lot size (the required minimum order quantity determined by the economics of the production process)
o       Safety stock (the lowest level of inventory allowed in the projected on-hand line; protect against variations in delivery

MRP calculations
·  The product structure diagram and the MRP record:
o       The MPS is used to determine the MRP gross requirement quantities in each period
o       Every box in the product structure diagram is covered by an MRP record
o       The MRP records are linked
o       The planned order releases from one record flow into the gross requirements of the record at the next lower level

The benefits of MRP:
·     Improved customer service
·     Reduction in past due orders
·     Better understanding of capacity constraints
·     Significant increases in productivity
·     Reduction in lead time
·     Reduction in the inventory for finished goods, raw materials, component parts, and safety stock
·     Reduction in work-in-process (WIP)
·     Elimination of annual inventory
·     Significant drops in annual accounting adjustment for inventory problems
·     Usually, a doubling of inventory turns
·  MPC has responsibility for the planning and control of the shop floor, production materials, production scheduling, quality process, and facilities planning
·  MPC performs two distinct functions: 1) Manufacturing planning, and 2) Manufacturing control

Planning in the MPC:
·  High-level planning for the business
·  Forecasting future demand
·  Planning for production
o       Chase production strategy
o       Level production strategy
o       Mixed production strategy
o       The MPS technique
o       MPS time-phased record
o       The MRP technique
o       Inventory management (raw materials, component parts, work-in-process, or finished goods and products)

Product data management:
·        Bill of materials
o       Originates from design
o       Includes quantity, part number, and specifications of each part
o       Parts are either manufactured or purchased
o       Represented in MPC as product structure diagram or indented BOM

Unit 5: Automated Manufacturing

Objectives:
a)     Apply industrial controls, programmable logic controllers, and industrial robots in a CIM environment
b)     Describe the theory of operation, programming, and the practical application of PLCs and robots
c)      Describe fundamentals of data communications and local area networks as they relate to the various levels of communications between shop floor computers, PLCs, robots, CNC machine tools and automatic identification equipment
d)     Integrate commonly used industrial control devices, including CAD/CAM, computer-assisted numerical control programming, computer-assisted quality control, and automatic identification

·        Reasons for automation in the factory include:
o       Reduced labor costs
o       Sales growth
o       Better quality
o       Reduced inventory
o       Increased worker productivity
Two types of automation are fixed and flexible systems
Current factory technology includes:
o       Computer networks including ERP
o       Data collection and reporting
o       Automated material handling
o       Cells and work centers
o       Automated inspection and testing
o       The paperless factory
o       Robots

REHG & KRAEBBER, CHAPTER 11: PRODUCTION SUPPORT MACHINES AND SYSTEMS

Industrial Robots:
A robot is an automatically controlled, programmable, multipurpose, manipulating machine with several programmable axes, which may be either fixed in place or mobile for use in industrial automation applications.
Key word are reprogrammable and multipurpose
The basic robot system consists of manipulator, power supply, controller, end effectors, interfacing or required equipment such as devices and sensors and any communications interface that is operating and monitoring the robot, equipment and sensors
The mechanical arm is driven by electric motors, pneumatic devices, or hydraulic actuators
Six motions are identified: Arm sweep, shoulder swivel, elbow extension, pitch, yaw, and roll.
Robotic arm geometry classification includes the following: Cartesian geometry, cylindrical geometry, spherical geometry, and articulated geometry.
End effector or end-of-arm tooling must be provided for robots to have production capability
The controller is a special-purpose computer with a central processing unit which controls the robot’s arm and the work cell in which it is operating.
Robots are programmed by keying in or selecting menu commands in the controller language, moving the robot arm to the desired position in the work cell, and recording the position in the program often with a teach pendant.
Programming methods include:
Active robot teaching (teach pendant)
Passive robot teaching (lead-through)
Off-line robot programming
Robot applications include: Material processing, material handling, and assembly and fabrication.
Selecting and justifying robot application requires a detailed design process and cost analysis.
Justifying a robotic system is performed using this model: [P = I/(S-E)]

Automated material handling:
Material-handling process for parts and raw materials should be automated only after every unnecessary inch of material transport distance has been removed from the production process.
The work simplification and analysis process that precedes the design and selection of material-handling automation starts with a diagram of the production flow, using process flow analysis symbol shown on page 461.
The transfer mechanism used to move parts between work cells and stations serves two main functions: 1) move the part in the most appropriate manner between production machines, and 2) orient and position the part with sufficient accuracy at the machine to maximize productivity and quality.
Automated transfer systems include:
Continuous transfer such as overhead monorail
Intermittent or synchronized transfer such as the walking beam transfer system
Asynchronous transfer or power-and-free systems as in conveyor and pallet system.

Automatic guided vehicles (AGV):
·        An AGV is a vehicle equipped with automatic guidance equipment capable of following prescribed guide paths and may be equipped for vehicle programming and stop selection, blocking, and any other special function required by the system.
·        AGV types include: Towing vehicles, unit load vehicles, pallet truck vehicles, fork lift vehicles, light load vehicles, and assembly line vehicles.
·        AGV systems must perform five functions, namely: Guidance, routing, traffic management, load transfer, and system management.
·        AGV systems must be justified based on the current and future material-handling requirements.

Automated storage and retrieval systems (AS/RS)
Materials to be stored and retrieved include: 1) raw materials, 2) unsold finished products, 3) production parts, 4) purchased parts and subassemblies used in the assembly of products, 5) rework and scrap that result from production operations, 6) spare parts for repair of production machines and facilities, and 7) general office supplies including tools and instruments.
AS/RS is a combination of equipment and controls that handles, stores, and retrieves materials with precision, accuracy, and speed under a defined degree of automation.

REHG & KRAEBBER, CHAPTER 13: QUALITY AND HUMAN RESOURCE ISSUES IN MANUFACTURING
Deming’s 14 points for management
Total quality management (TQM)
Quality tools and processes (for quiz 3)

OTHER MATERIALS
FMS Benefits
Producing a family of parts
Random launching of parts
Reduced manufacturing lead time
Reduced work-in-process
Reduced operator requirements
Expandability
Increased machine utilization
Reduced capital equipment costs
Responsiveness to change
Ability to maintain production
Product quality improvement
Reduced labor costs
Better management control

Components of the Flexible Manufacturing System
FMS workstations:
FMS for prismatic parts
FMS for rotational parts
Robots
Fixtures and pallets
Tooling
Operators
Inspection system
Coolant and chip handling systems
Cleaning stations
FMS off-line operations
Control station
·        Material handling system:
o       Parts delivery:
                                    -Material handling outside the FMS
                                    - Material handling inside the FMS
                                    -Conveyor systems
                                    -Cutting tool delivery
o       Load/unload stations:
                                    -Handling equipment
                                    -Operator control
o       Buffer storage

Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing - MALLIKARJUNA RAO et al. - Book Information

https://books.google.co.in/books?id=zXdivq93WIUC

Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing (Google eBook)

Front Cover
M.M.M. SARCAR, K. MALLIKARJUNA RAO, K. LALIT NARAYAN
PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., May 5, 2008 - 728 pages
2 Reviews

The impact of the technology of Computer-Aided Design and Manufacturing in automobile engineering, marine engineering and aerospace engineering has been tremendous. Using computers in manufacturing is receiving particular prominence as industries seek to improve product quality, increase productivity and to reduce inventory costs. Therefore, the emphasis has been attributed to the subject of CAD and its integration with CAM. Designed as a textbook for the undergraduate students of mechanical engineering, production engineering and industrial engineering, it provides a description of both the hardware and software of CAD/CAM systems.

The Coverage Includes

 Principles of interactive computer graphics

 Wireframe, surface and solid modelling

 Finite element modelling and analysis

 NC part programming and computer-aided part programming

 Machine vision systems

 Robot technology and automated guided vehicles

 Flexible manufacturing systems

 Computer integrated manufacturing

 Artificial intelligence and expert systems

 Communication systems in manufacturing


Preview the book

https://books.google.co.in/books?id=zXdivq93WIUC


COMPUTER SYSTEMS
20
CADHardware and Software Components
41
CAD SYSTEM HARDWARE
73
CAD SYSTEM SOFTWARE 92116
92
PRINCIPLES OF INTERACTIVE COMPUTER GRAPHICS 117140
117
TRANSFORMATION SYSTEMS 141156
141
WIRE FRAME MODELLING 157186
157
SURFACE MODELLING 187207
187
Quality Control and Automated Inspection
385
MACHINE VISION 401412
401
Integration of Manufacturing Systems
413
INDUSTRIAL ROBOTS AND AUTOMATED GUIDED VEHICLE SYSTEMS 444482
444
FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS 483533
483
COMPUTER INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING
534
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND EXPERT SYSTEM
563
23
572

SOLID MODELLING 208224
208
CADDesign Aspects of Industrial Components
225
CAMNumerical Control Production Systems
253
COMPUTER CONTROL OF NC MACHINES 267285
267
NC PART PROGRAMMING AND COMPUTER AIDED PART
286
14
316
4
322
GROUP TECHNOLOGY
353
COMPUTER AIDED PROCESS PLANNING
374
23
578
COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS IN MANUFACTURING 588605
588
BIBLIOGRAPHY 607611
607
GLOSSARY 613639
613
QUESTION BANK COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN 641650
641
QUESTION BANK COMPUTER AIDED MANUFACTURING 651667
651
OBJECTIVE TYPE QUESTIONS 669692
669
INDEX 693698
693
Copyright



About the author (2008)

Author Name
SARCAR, M.M.M.  About Author  M.M.M. SARCAR (Ph.D., IIT Kharagpur) is Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Andhra University College of Engineering, Visakhapatnam. He has over 28 years of experience in teaching and research. He has several technical publications to his credit. His areas of interest include computer vision and image processing. Presently he is working on Robotics and Automated Guided Vehicles (AGVs).    

Author Name
MALLIKARJUNA RAO, K.  About Author  K. MALLIKARJUNA RAO (Ph.D., IISc, Bangalore), is Professor and Head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University (JNTU), Kakinada. With over a decade of teaching experience at NIT Kurukshetra and JNTU, Dr. Rao has presented/published a number of research papers in technical conferences and national and international journals. His research area includes mechanical design, CAD/CAM and FEM.    

Author Name  LALIT NARAYAN, K.  About Author  K. LALIT NARAYAN (M.Tech., JNTU, Hyderabad), is Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sir C.R.R. College of Engineering, Eluru. Mr. Lalit Narayan has presented five technical papers at national conferences.


Bibliographic information


Title Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing
Authors M.M.M. SARCAR, K. MALLIKARJUNA RAO, K. LALIT NARAYAN
Edition illustrated
Publisher PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., 2008
ISBN 812033342X, 9788120333420
Length 728 pages
 

Rethinking Automation with Robots




2015




Up to 90% of manufacturing tasks still can’t be practically automated. But that number is falling steadily. Smart, collaborative robots that adapt to real-world variability, excel in semi-structured environments and change applications quickly have arrived. And they are becoming the solution of choice for companies looking to boost flexibility, efficiency and quality in their operations.

An industry that once looked to automation to drive volume production is now seeking to gain an edge in flexibility.

These days, a lot of companies are calling their robots collaborative. Or intelligent. Or safe

Baxter Robots

http://www.rethinkrobotics.com/products-software/

Sawyer
HIGH PERFORMANCE COLLABORATIVE ROBOT
Introducing Sawyer – revolutionary new high performance collaborative robot designed for machine tending, circuit board testing and other precise tasks that are not practical to automate with traditional industrial robots.  Sawyer will be sold in North America, Europe, China and Japan, with limited availability beginning in the summer of 2015.

Baxter

With no safety cages, complex programming or costly integration required, not to mention a game-changing $25,000 price point, Baxter is a  collaborative robot useful for plants of all sizes.  Powered by the Intera platform, Baxter is a technology that improves itself over time.

Baxter Research Robot

What happens when you combine an industry-tested automation solution loaded with embedded features with an open source ROS API?  You get Baxter Research Robot – a safe, affordable, robust platform that is quickly becoming a must-have for labs and schools around the world.

The Intera Platform

A robot is only as good as its operating software.  With the Intera platform, your robots will always be improving their performance, adapting to meet your needs and updating to the latest technology available.

Accessories

Need to get a grip with our versatile end effector options? Want to put your robots on a pedestal? Rethink Robotics offers a complete range of versatile accessory options you’ll need to get up and running quickly and easily.  Whether it’s standard accessories or the platform to support a fully customized solution, Baxter provides you the right tools for your job.

Automobile - Car - Product Development - Design





2015

The design related aspects self-driving vehicles are an important issue in this year.

Gerry McGovern is , the design director and chief creative officer for Jaguar Land Rover. He was debuting the 2016 Range Rover SV Autobiography, the company's latest limited-edition luxury vehicle in New York Auto Show  2015.

THE BACKSEAT WILL GET MORE LOVE
The office of the future may be the backseat of a self-driving car. The car designers are planning on making the back seat  more comfortable. The roomy backseats feature calf rests, coolers to chill drinks in, and tables that pop out of the arm rests for eating or working in comfort.

LOOKING GOOD WILL (STILL) BE A TOP PRIORITY
"That’s a 22-inch wheel," is now accepted and welcomed.  "Twelve years ago the theory was that people wouldn't want a bigger wheel, because the tire wrapped around it would by comparison look smaller and thus not as safe. That hasn't proved to be true. It made the vehicle better looking,On the first model that Range Rover offered with an option of a 20-inch wheel compared to an 18-inch one, 80% of customers opted for the larger size. The power of aesthetics has to be understood. We tend to like to talk about technology features because we think it’s more worthy, but actually design in itself, the aesthetics, should be celebrated.
http://www.fastcodesign.com/3044443/innovation-engine/jaguar-land-rover-design-chief-on-creating-tomorrows-most-desirable-cars

Robots in Manufacturing - 2015

CHIMP Robot from NREC, Carnegie Mellon University 2013



It can walk on all four limbs or can walk on two limbs and use the other two limbs as hands. It is human size robot.


CHIMP's  normal mode of locomotion will be much like that of a tank, with the tracks of all four limbs on the ground. This configuration would offer a particular advantage when moving over debris and rough terrain. But CHIMP also can move on the treads of just two limbs when needed, such as when it must use its hand like limbs to open a valve, or to operate power tools.


Press Release of CMU
http://www.cmu.edu/news/stories/archives/2013/march/march12_chimprobot.html

Tuesday, March 31, 2015

Honda S660 Roadster



Honda Motor Company will begin selling new S660 Roadster 2 two seater sports vehicle from 2 April 2015 in Japan. It will also sell a concept edition of S660 - only 660 numbers will be sold. The monthly sales target for the vehicle is 800. It costs 2,180,000 yen.

Its lead engineer is Mukumoto. He was 22 and into his third year making mockups at Honda's product development arm when he won an in-house competition for a car concept.


http://www.autoblog.com/2015/03/30/honda-s660-japan-official/

http://www.goauto.com.au/mellor/mellor.nsf/story2/E377EDDD8F7F8489CA257E1900237970

http://autoweek.com/article/car-news/honda-s660-roadster-will-be-built-will-it-come-here

Monday, February 9, 2015

Water House - A New Idea to Slash Energy Requirement of Houses



Matyas Gutai demonstrated a water house in the construction of which water is enclosed between two glass walls. This will be able to give desired temperature in the house with less external energy requirement.

http://phys.org/news/2015-02-japan-inspired-water-house-slashes-energy.html

Thursday, January 15, 2015

Alpine Electronics of America, Inc. - Car Audio Equipment and Mobile Multimedia


Alpine Electronics is an automotive electronics manufacturer that provides consumers and leading auto makers with audio, video, navigation and driver assistance products. The company specializes in system integration solutions with innovative vehicle entertainment and information technologies.

Alpine’s R&D and manufacturing facilities in Japan, China, Europe and North America ensure that all products address the real world requirements of drivers in each market. The company is committed to developing safe, comfortable and eco-friendly automotive electronics products.

  Alpine's Mobile Multimedia systems exceed concept expectations for a new kind of driving experience for the next century.


http://www.alpine-usa.com/product



http://www.alpine-usa.com/company/press




6 January

The iLX-007, Alpine of America, Inc.’s aftermarket in-dash receiver dedicated for optimum compatibility with Apple CarPlay, is now available in North American markets. The advanced features of the iLX-007 gives drivers a new, smart and exciting way to access the things they want to do with their iPhone while driving.
http://www.alpine-usa.com/company/press/general/2015/alpine-electronics-introduces-in-dash-receiver-with-apple-carplay/


2015 - Inventions, Innovations and New Commercial Designs


17 January 2015

Lenovo Unveiled lowest price 4G LTE Smart (Mobile) Phone in India. It was unveilved in CES 2015. It is priced at Rs. 6,999 (Around  $110). The model is A6000
http://www.dnaindia.com/scitech/report-lenovo-unveils-a6000-cheapest-4g-smartphone-at-rs-6999-2053359


2015 North American International Auto Show  12 - 25 January 2015

http://www.naias.com/

Technology Showcase


2015 NAIAS Technology Showcase looks at the integration of technology and the automotive industry during Press Preview and Industry Preview and will focus on many of the flash-forward technologies that will impact connectivity, automation and efficiency in the next generations of vehicles.

The 2015 Technology Showcase is the forum for exhibiting breakthrough technologies, providing product demonstrations, revealing fresh designs and participating in panel discussions.

Participants - The Technology Showcase Exhibitors:


Alpine Electronics of America, Inc
Arada Systems
ASC American Specialty Cars
College for Creative Studies
Covisint
Detroit Labs
Exa Corporation
HD Radio
Kettering University - Formula SAE Team
Local Motors
LTU Transportation Design
Michigan Economic Development Corporation
Michigan State University Formula Racing
Michigan State University Solar Car Team
Mojio Inc.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Oakland University Formula SAE Team
Ricardo Inc.
Salesforce
Shell
SPIRA4U Co. Ltd.
Square One Education Network
Supermicro
The Future Cycle Project by U of M Stamps School of Art and Design
University of MI Dearborn - Formula SAE Team
University of Michigan Solar Car Team
US Army
VeriShow
Wayne State University - Formula SAE Warrior Racing
Wind River

Social Media Related Information of the Auto Show
http://www.naias.com/media/55674/NAIAS-Social-Media-Toolkit.pdf





Consumer Electronics Show - 6 to 9 January 2015



Samsumg Products won 80 awards at the show.

Samsung’s JS9500 TV which received more than eight awards including Ubergizmo’s Best of CES award, Digital Trends’ Best Television at CES 2015 award and Reviewed.com’s 2015 CES Editors’ Choice award.

Samsung’s 105-inch UN105S9B TV, the World’s First and Largest Bendable SUHD TV, earned a CES award for Best of Innovation: Video Displays.

Samsung’s Active Wash Washing Machine which received three awards including Digital Trends’ Top Tech of CES 2015 Awards, Mashable’s Best of CES 2015 award and Reviewed.com’s CES Editors’ Choice Award.

The Samsung Flex Duo Dual Door Range amassed three awards including 2015 International CES Best of Innovation Honoree, Reviewed.com’s CES Editors’ Choice Award and Techlicious’ Top Pick of CES.

Samsung’s revolutionary portable SSD T1 earned eight awards including PC Mag’s Best of CES Best Storage Device award, Reviewed.com’s CES Editors’ Choice Award and Techlicious’ Top Picks of CES list.

Samsung’s ATIV Book 9 received four awards, including Digital Trend’s Top Tech of CES 2015 Finalist, Pocket-Lint’s Best Laptops of CES 2015, Tech Times’ CES Best of Innovation award and Windows Central’s CES Top Pick award.

SmartThings earned Reviewed.com’s 2015 CES Editors’ Choice Award.


DISH’s New 4K Joey Earns CES 2015 Editors’ Choice Award
DISH’s 4K Joey will be the first 4K “Ultra HD” set-top box from a pay-TV provider that is compatible with all HDMI 2.0/HDCP 2.2-compliant 4K televisions

CMR’s Polymagnet technology



NeuroMetrix Quell™ Wearable Pain Relief Technology
Quell utilizes NeuroMetrix's proprietary non-invasive neurostimulation technology to provide relief from chronic pain, such as due to diabetes, sciatica, fibromyalgia, and degenerative knee conditions. The advanced wearable device is lightweight and can be worn during the day while active, and at night while sleeping. It has been cleared by the FDA for treatment of chronic pain without a prescription. Users of the device will also have the option of using their smartphone to automatically track and personalize their pain therapy.

Consumers and medical professionals can visit QuellRelief.com to learn more and sign up to receive information. The company expects to begin taking pre-orders for Quell in March and to ship during the second quarter. Quell will initially be available exclusively through doctor’s office and online.





Mercedes F105 Luxury in Motion - Self Driving Car

Gogoro Smartscooter

http://www.cesweb.org/News/Exhibitor-Press-Releases

http://techcrunch.com/events/ces-2015/event-home/

2015 North American International Auto Show



The Cars of the Detroit Auto Show NAIAS 2015

Cars Exhibited
Fiat Chrysler 2015 Ram Rebel.
Lincoln said it redesigned the interior in the new MKX
The 2015 Chevrolet Corette Z06 - The Company said the car delivered greater aerodynamic downforce, cornering grip and braking performance.
Lexus - GCF GT3
The GAC WitStar Concept - features an aquarium containing plastic fish in the arm rest.
The Honda FCV Concept - Next generation Fuel Cell Car
The Infiniti Q60 Concept car - It hints at the direction of its next sport coupe.
__________________

__________________
The Verge Upload


BMW at NAIAS
__________________

__________________
BMW Upload



Social Media Tool Kit of the Show
http://www.naias.com/media/55674/NAIAS-Social-Media-Toolkit.pdf

Twitter Accounts of Sponsors and OEMs

Acura ...............................................................................@Acura
AISIN ...............................................................................N/A
Ally Auto...........................................................................@AllyAuto
Audi .................................................................................@Audi
AutoTrader.com ...............................................................@AutoTrader_com
BASF ...............................................................................@BASF
BASF ...............................................................................@BASF
Bentley.............................................................................@BentleyComms
BMW................................................................................@BMWusa
Cadillac............................................................................@Cadillac
Celanese Engineered Materials ......................................@Celanese
Chevrolet .........................................................................@Chevrolet
Chrylser Group ................................................................@Chrysler
Clark Hill ..........................................................................@ClarkHillUpdate
Cobo Center....................................................................@cobocenter
Comcast Spotlight ...........................................................@ComcastSpotlight
Continental Corporation...................................................@ContiPressNA
DENSO............................................................................N/A
Detroit Labs .....................................................................@DetroitLabs
Detroit Regional Chamber...............................................@DetroitChamber
Federal-Mogul Corporation..............................................@FedMogulCorp
Ford .................................................................................@Ford
Honda..............................................................................@Honda
Hyundai ...........................................................................@Hyundai
Infiniti ...............................................................................@InfinitiNews
Johnson Controls.............................................................@JohnsonControls
@JCI_BatteryBeat
@JCSeating
Kia ...................................................................................@Kia
Lexus...............................................................................@Lexus
Lincoln Motor Company...................................................@LincolnMotorCo
Mercedes-Benz ............................................................... @mbusa
Michelin ...........................................................................@MichelinUSA
Michelin Media Center.....................................................@MichelinMedia
Michigan Fitness Foundation...........................................@MichiganFitness
Microsoft..........................................................................@MSAdvertising
MINI.................................................................................@MINI
MLive ..............................................................................@MLive
@MLiveDetroit
@detroitautoshow
MLive Autos.....................................................................@MIAutos
Modern Car Safety Technology, Inc.................................N/A
MSN Autos.......................................................................@MSNAutos
Nexteer Automotive .........................................................N/A
NextEnergy......................................................................@NextEnergyMI
Nissan..............................................................................@NissanUSA
Opportunity Detroit ..........................................................@OpportunityDET
Pandora...........................................................................@Pandora_Radio
Quicken Loans.................................................................@QuickenLoans
Samsung SDI ..................................................................@SDIin
Schaeffer Group ..............................................................N/A
Schaeffler ........................................................................N/A
Shinola.............................................................................@Shinola
The One Show.................................................................@OneShow
Toyota..............................................................................@Toyota
Unique Fabricating, Inc....................................................N/A
U.S. Army Tank Automotive Research Development
and Engineering Center ..................................................(@TARDEC)
@TARDEC_PEO
Valeo................................................................................@Valeo_Group
Verizon.............................................................................N/A
Volkswagen .....................................................................@VW
@VWnews
ZF ....................................................................................@ZF_Group

Tuesday, January 13, 2015

NeuroMetrix Quell™ Wearable Pain Relief Technology - 2015 Innovation



NeuroMetrix Quell™ Wearable Pain Relief Technology
Quell utilizes NeuroMetrix's proprietary non-invasive neurostimulation technology to provide relief from chronic pain, such as due to diabetes, sciatica, fibromyalgia, and degenerative knee conditions. The advanced wearable device is lightweight and can be worn during the day while active, and at night while sleeping. It has been cleared by the FDA for treatment of chronic pain without a prescription. Users of the device will also have the option of using their smartphone to automatically track and personalize their pain therapy.

Consumers and medical professionals can visit QuellRelief.com to learn more and sign up to receive information. The company expects to begin taking pre-orders for Quell in March and to ship during the second quarter. Quell will initially be available exclusively through doctor’s office and online.

Monday, January 12, 2015

Consumer Electronics Show 2015

The International CES is the world’s gathering place for all who thrive on the business of consumer technologies. It has served as the proving ground for innovators and breakthrough technologies for more than 40 years—the global stage where next-generation innovations are introduced to the marketplace. As the largest hands-on event of its kind, CES features all aspects of the industry. And because it is owned and produced by the Consumer Electronics Association (CEA), the technology trade association representing the $223.2 billion U.S. consumer electronics industry, it attracts the world’s business leaders and pioneering thinkers to a forum where the industry’s most relevant issues are addressed.


“The International CES has broken every record as wireless, sensors and the internet combine and entrepreneurs present innovations which enhance the human condition and solve problems in health care, transportation, safety and connectivity,” said Gary Shapiro, president and CEO, CEA.

“The excitement of CES can be felt around the world, with more than 20,000 products launching at CES this week from 3,600 companies and breaking news from top global brands announced from the CES keynote stage,” said Karen Chupka, senior vice president, International CES and corporate business strategy, CEA. “With 2.2 million net square feet of exhibits, including 375 startups, the products unveiled at the 2015 CES will revolutionize the technology world and pave the way for the future of innovation.”

During the Fast Innovation: Disrupt or be Disrupted Keynote, moderator David Kirkpatrick, founder, host and CEO, Techonomy, led a wide-ranging conversation on the Internet of Things (IoT), data security and business practices that foster innovation. Panelists John Chambers, chairman and CEO of Cisco; Neil Smit, president and CEO of Comcast Cable; and Werner Struth, chairman of Robert Bosch LLC, spoke openly about the need to innovate, reorganize and act nimbly as the IoT expands and more of the world is digitized and connected. Chambers believes that soon every business will be a tech company as everything connects to the IoT. “To keep up with the pace of change, companies can’t be afraid to think exponentially, in other words, think like a startup,” said Chambers. One of the biggest issues companies are grappling with as the IoT evolves is who owns the collected data. Smit said the principle of transparency is going to be critical.

The Brand Matters keynote kicked off with MediaLink's Chairman and CEO Michael Kassan having a one-on-one interview with CBS Corp. President and CEO Leslie Moonves. Their discussion focused on the opportunities for entertainment networks like CBS. “We have to create great content and get it to people in ways they want to experience it, said Moonves. “We need to make sure we make that content available to everyone.” He explained that CBS wants consumers to watch their content but is not concerned with where it’s watched. The two discussed how viewership tracking must be updated as consumer viewing habits change. “Eight-year-olds and 80-year olds matter,” said Moonves, explaining why the rapid growth in video consumption across all age categories should inspire advertisers to focus beyond the 18-35 year-old category.

Their discussion was followed by a panel conversation lead by MediaLink President and COO Wenda Harris Millard with executives from Condé Nast, Fox, Google, McDonald’s and The Walt Disney Co. The panelists discussed how their “corporate DNA” dictates their distribution and personalization strategy. The panelists agreed that all good advertising strategy has to emanate from quality product and that mobile is offering unprecedented opportunities. Margo Georgiadis, president Americas of Google said that, “technology enables personalization and it should be like a toothbrush, something a lot of people use at least twice a day.”

The Market for Smart Watches SuperSession, presented by CEA, was moderated by Tim Bajarin, president, Creative Strategies, with executive panelists from Basis, an Intel company, Motorola Mobility, Samsung and Yahoo. The panelists discussed design criteria, analyzed market potential and presented differing views on the idea of whether or not the smart watch needs a “killer app” to catch on with consumers. The panelists also placed a strong emphasis on “glanceability” and convenience, both being key characteristics of any smart watch. The idea of, “the network effect” emerged on the panel, suggesting smart watch value will be derived when whole families and friends can achieve unique, personal connections with each other that only a smart watch with sophisticated sensors can accomplish (e.g. the ability to send haptic messages of heart rate with other owners). Panelists concluded that the smart watch has a very diverse market potential.

The Evolution of the Smart Home,Wednesday afternoon’s SuperSession, was moderated by Grant Clauser of Electronic House, and featured executives from Bosch Software Innovations, Lowe’s Home Improvement, Lutron Electronics and Yetu. The panel noted that security is the top feature driving growth in the smart home market. The panelists discussed the most effective methods of selling the concept of the smart home to consumers. All agreed that retailers must build an experience allowing customers to fully grasp the range of smart home capabilities. When addressing challenges in the smart home space, the panelists noted that manufacturers must create user-friendly and open systems to allow for ease-of-use applications across all platforms.

The C Space Headliner with iHeartMedia highlighted the many ways technology is transforming the media industry. Featured speakers were Ryan Seacrest, Host On-Air with Ryan Seacrest and Bob Pittman, chairman and CEO of iHeartMedia Inc. Both agreed that radio is far from being in decline and that Internet radio sites like Spotify and Pandora are no threat to the business. “Radio is America’s companion,” said Bob Pittman. “That emotional connection is why it hasn’t died. You know someone is on the other end of the line curating and putting together content for you.” They also stressed the importance of preserving the element of humanity in media since the very core of their business is managing relationships. Seacrest added, “You can’t think of radio as just radio, you have to think of it as everywhere. It’s connection, great content, engagement and emotion.”

Alan Murray, editor of Fortune, interviewed Nick Woodman, president and CEO of GoPro at the Leaders in Technology Dinner at the Venetian. Woodman described the founding of GoPro as a way to capture his friends’ best surfing moments. He explained how Go Pro is known for its incredible content and for allowing people to capture and share their passions. “People don’t buy things, they buy solutions,” he said. Woodman explained how 6,000 video uploads of GoPro branded content were uploaded in 2014, a 40 percent increase over 2013, representing 2.8 years worth of content. “Storytelling is everything,” he stated.

Day three of the 2015 International CES kicked off on Thursday with The Last Gadget Standing competition where attendees voted on the hottest gadgets of the 2015 International CES. Produced by Living in Digital Times, the competition was emceed by Jon Hein of the “Howard Stern Wrap Up Show.” Products ranging from molecular sensors to connected pet monitors and non-wearable sleep monitors to environmentally-friendly 3D printers faced off on stage with the audience being the final judge of what would reign supreme. In the end, CES attendees chose the MeccaNoid robotics building system from Meccano as their favorite. Much like an erector set, owners can build the four-foot tall humanoid robot which features built-in voice recognition. Next to MeccaNoid on the winners’ stage was the winner of the Online Voting competition, SCiO, the world’s first molecular sensor. This no-touch optical sensor can fit in the palm of your hand and can scan and detect what an object is made of and give information on it such as how much fat is in a specific type of cheese or salad dressing.

Also emceed by “The Howard Stern Wrap Up Show’s” Jon Hein and produced by Living in Digital Times, the Mobile Apps Showdown followed the Last Gadget Standing competition and featured ten finalists. The mobile apps focused on everything from a wearable, portable and app-integrated breathalyzer, Breathometer, to Pure Imagination’s Perfect Bake app-controlled baking system and Fitnet’s fitness app that includes features like more than 200 free video workouts, webcam scoring and heart rate monitoring. At the end of the competition, the top prizes went to uCiC and Lyve App. uCiC (you see I see) is a location-based app that enables users to reach out to others in any area of the world to share pictures and video. Sharing the stage, the Lyve App also focuses on digital imagining. Lyve App allows consumers to gather, collect, organize, view, rediscover and protect their entire digital photo and video collection from any device and from any location. The app takes care of all the organization, creating a single library of photos and videos scattered across your multiple devices.

The Extreme Tech Challenge (XTC) came to CES for its semi-final round of competition. Ten startups in the areas of digital design, facial recognition, medical devices and applications, aerial robotics, automotive safety and DNA laser printing competed for the opportunity of a lifetime: to pitch Sir Richard Branson on his private Necker Island. The contestants delivered five minute presentations to a panel of guest judges including CEA’s Gary Shapiro; former CEO of Priceline Jeff Hoffman; Co-Founder and CTO of BioHeart Howard Leonhardt; Founding Partner of Pacific Investments and Innova Capital Veronica Serra; Head Monster Noel Lee; President of Monster Neal Bobrick; Tech Evangelist and Author Robert Scoble; and Scientific Advisor to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Dr. Boris Nikolic. The competition was emceed by XTC Executive Director Kym McNicholas.

The three winners were Breathometer, an FDA-registered medical device which uses sensors to monitor alcohol consumption and detect halitosis, diabetes, asthma and various types of cancer, Wanderu, a ground travel aggregation platform and Doctor on Demand, an app which allows users to communicate with board certified physicians for non-emergency issues and therapy. IBM Watson also announced that XTC applicant Nextuser, a computing company, would accompany their team as the fourth competitor to pitch to Branson on Necker Island. Ford CEO Mark Fields awarded Bikee Bike, one of the 2,000 XTC applicants, with $50,000 and Boosted awarded Skully, a smart motorcycle helmet which competed in the semi-finals, with $1,000 for its massive social media presence. In a video address, Branson invited the other finalists, if they wished, to also come to Necker Island at their own expense.

http://www.cesweb.org/News/Press-Releases/CES-Press-Release.aspx?NodeID=5BE149A3-52A2-4970-B2EE-086AD20B9324


The 2015 CES wrapped as the largest show in history with more than 2.2 million net square feet of exhibit space featuring more than 3,600 exhibitors, including a record number of startups. Innovators showcased the latest across categories like automotive electronics, personalized health care solutions, unmanned vehicles, connected devices, 3D printers, gaming and more.



http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20150109006034/en/CES-2015-Innovation-Speed-Awesome%21#.VLTUDtKUcac