Wednesday, October 31, 2012

Patents Issued Statistics

US Patents

Total patents granted 247,713

Total patents granted : 244,341

inventions - 2012

Collection will include items in news in 2012

Google's Virtual Reality Goggles
Lytro's Lightfield Camera
Mocrosoft Windows 8

Inventions - Up to 1900

1791: Artificial teeth: Nicholas Dubois De Chemant  Article on artificial teeth

1793: Cotton gin: Eli Whitney

1798: Vaccination: Edward Jenner
1798: Lithography: Alois Senefelder

1801: Jacquard loom: Joseph Marie Jacquard
1802: Screw propeller steamboat Phoenix: John Stevens
1802: Gas stove: Zachäus Andreas Winzler
1804: Locomotive: Richard Trevithick
1805: Submarine Nautilus: Robert Fulton
1807: Steamboat Clermont: Robert Fulton
1808: Band saw: William Newberry

1809: Arc lamp: Humphry Davy
1814: Steam Locomotive (Blücher): George Stephenson
1816: Miner's safety lamp: Humphry Davy
1816: Stirling engine: Robert Stirling
1816: Stethoscope: Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laennec
1816: The Bicycle

1817: Draisine or velocipede (two-wheeled): Karl Drais
1817: Kaleidoscope: David Brewster
1821: Electric motor: Michael Faraday
1823: Electromagnet: William Sturgeon
1824: Portland cement: William Aspdin

1826: Photography: Joseph Nicéphore Niépce
1826: Internal combustion engine: Samuel Morey
1827: Friction match: John Walker

1830: Lawn mower: Edwin Beard Budding
1830: Stenotype on punched paper strip: Karl Drais
1831: Multiple coil magnet: Joseph Henry
1831: Magnetic acoustic telegraph: Joseph Henry (patented 1837)
1831: Reaper: Cyrus McCormick
1831: Electrical generator: Michael Faraday, Ányos Jedlik
1834: The Hansom cab is patented
1834: Louis Braille perfects his Braille system
1834: Refrigerator: Jacob Perkins
1834: Combine harvester: Hiram Moore
1835: Revolver: Samuel Colt
1835: Electromechanical Relay: Joseph Henry
1835: Incandescent light bulb: James Bowman Lindsay
1836: Sewing machine: Josef Madersberger

1837: US electric printing press patented by Thomas Davenport (February 25)
1837: Steel plow: John Deere
1837: Standard diving dress: Augustus Siebe
1837: Camera Zoom Lens: Jozef Maximilián Petzval
1837: Magnetic telegraph: Samuel Morse
1838: Electric telegraph: Charles Wheatstone (also Samuel Morse)
1838: closed diving suit with a helmet: Augustus Siebe
1839: Vulcanization of rubber: Charles Goodyear
1840: Artificial fertilizer: Justus von Liebig

1842 Superphosphate fertilizer: John Bennett Lawes
1842: Anaesthesia: Crawford Long
1843: Typewriter: Charles Thurber
1843: Fax machine (kind of like a telegraph back then): Alexander Bain
1843: Ice cream maker: Nancy Johnson

1845: Pneumatic tire: Robert Thomson (inventor)
1846: Sewing machine (different model): Elias Howe
1846: Rotary printing press: Richard M. Hoe

1849: Safety pin: Walter Hunt
1849: Francis turbine: James B. Francis
1849: Telephone: Antonio Meucci
1852: Airship: Henri Giffard
1852: Passenger elevator: Elisha Otis
1852: Gyroscope: Léon Foucault

1855: Bunsen burner: Robert Bunsen
1855: Bessemer process: Henry Bessemer
1856: Celluloid: Alexander Parkes

1858: Undersea telegraph cable: Fredrick Newton Gisborne
1858: Mason jar: John L. Mason
1859: Oil drill: Edwin L. Drake
1859: Lead acid battery: Gaston Plante
1860: Linoleum: Fredrick Walton
1860: Repeating rifle: Oliver F. Winchester, Christopher Spencer
1860: Self-propelled torpedo: Giovanni Luppis

1861: Ironclad USS Monitor: John Ericsson
1861: Siemens regenerative furnace: Carl Wilhelm Siemens
1862: Revolving machine gun: Richard J. Gatling
1862: Mechanical submarine: Narcís Monturiol i Estarriol
1862: Pasteurization: Louis Pasteur, Claude Bernard
1863: Player piano: Henri Fourneaux

1865: Roller Coaster: LaMarcus Adna Thompson
1865: Barbed wire: Louis Jannin
1866: Dynamite: Alfred Nobel
1868: Practical typewriter: Christopher Sholes, Carlos Glidden and Samuel W. Soule, with assistance from
1868: Air brake (rail): George Westinghouse
1868: Oleomargarine: Mege Mouries

1869: Vacuum cleaner: I.W. McGaffers
1870: Magic Lantern projector: Henry R. Heyl
1870: Stock ticker: Thomas Alva Edison
1871: Cable car (railway): Andrew S. Hallidie
1872: Adding machine: Edmund D. Barbour
1873: Railway knuckle coupler: Eli H. Janney
1873: Modern direct current electric motor: Zénobe Gramme
1874: Electric street car: Stephen Dudle Field
1875: Dynamo: William A. Anthony
1875: Magazine (firearm): Benjamin B. Hotchkiss
1876: Carpet sweeper: Melville Bissell
1876: Gasoline carburettor: Daimler
1876: Loudspeaker: Alexander Graham Bell

1877: Stapler: Henry R. Heyl
1877: Induction motor: Nikola Tesla
1877: Phonograph: Thomas Alva Edison
1877: Microphone: Emile Berliner
1878: Cathode ray tube: William Crookes
1878: Rebreather: Henry Fleuss
1879: Pelton turbine: Lester Pelton
1879: Cash register: James Ritty
1880: Photophone: Alexander Graham Bell
1880: Roll film: George Eastman
1880: Safety razor: Kampfe Brothers
1880: Seismograph: John Milne

1881: Metal detector: Alexander Graham Bell
1882: Electric fan: Schuyler Skaats Wheeler
1883: two-phase (alternating current) induction motor: Nikola Tesla
1884: Linotype machine: Ottmar Mergenthaler
1884: Fountain pen: Lewis Waterman
1884: Punched card accounting: Herman Hollerith
1884: Trolley car, (electric): Frank Sprague, Charles Van Depoele

1885: Automobile patent granted (internal combustion engine powered): Karl Benz, first automobile put into production
1885: Maxim gun: Hiram Stevens Maxim
1885: Motorcycle: Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach
1885: Alternating current transformer: William Stanley
1885: Safety bicycle: John Kemp Starley
1886: Dishwasher: Josephine Cochrane
1886: Gasoline engine: Gottlieb Daimler
1886: Improved phonograph cylinder: Tainter & Bell
1887: Monotype machine: Tolbert Lanston
1887: Contact lens: Adolf E. Fick, Eugène Kalt and August Muller
1887: Gramophone record: Emile Berliner
1887: Ceiling fan: Philip Diehl
1888: Polyphase AC Electric power system: Nikola Tesla (30 related patents.)
1888: Kodak hand camera: George Eastman
1888: Ballpoint pen: John Loud
1888: Harvester-thresher: Matteson (?)
1888: Kinematograph: Augustin Le Prince
. 1888: Pneumatic Tyre: John Boyd Dunlop

1891: escalator: Jesse W. Reno
1891: Thermal cracking process: Vladimir Shukhov
1891: Zipper: Whitcomb L. Judson
1891: Carborundum: Edward G. Acheson
1892: Color photography: Frederic E. Ives
1892: Automatic telephone exchange (electromechanical): Almon Strowger - First in commercial service.

1893: Carburetor: Donát Bánki and János Csonka
1893: Wireless communication: Nikola Tesla
1893: Radio: Nikola Tesla
1894: Radio transmission: Jagdish Chandra Bose in Bengal
1895: Diesel engine: Rudolf Diesel
1895: Radiotelegraph: Guglielmo Marconi
1896: Vitascope: Thomas Armat
1897: Modern escalator: Jesse W. Reno


Invention time line

Tweel - Tyre + Wheel - Invention from Michelin

Tweel is an integrated tyre and wheel combination that does not use air and promises performance beyond that of pneumatic tyres. It is developed by Michelin and is presently being used in low weight vehicles.



YouTube Video uploaded by YouTube Partner AutomotiveTV

How Tweel Works?

More about Tweel from Michelin itself

30 October 2012
Michelin began commercial sales of Tweel for Skid-Steer loaders

Pneumatic Tyres and Tubes - Product and Manufacturing Process - History

John Boyd Dunlop was a veterinary surgeon. His son was prescribed exercise on tricycle and to make it more comfortable, he developed a canvas tube filled with air and bonded together with liquid rubber. He patented the idea. In 1889, he persuaded a cycling sportsman to use his tyres and the championship was won that cyclist. The tyres became famous and popular. Dunlop sold his patent in 1896 for 3000 pounds.

New Concept in Tyre Tweel


Monday, October 29, 2012

Sony Watchman

Came to know about Sony Watch through a comment by a participant in Research Methodology, Review of Research in  Management class, October 2012. Then saw it listed as one of 100 all time great inventions, Times list.

What is Sony Watch Man - A portable TV. It is similar in concept to Sony Walkman.

Learn something more about it through a YouTube Video



YouTube video uploaded by a YouTube Partner YourGeekNeeds

Sony Watchman idea is still being pursued by some in the market place. TV broadcasters still are supporting a mobile TV product.

Interesting Products and Brands

Model T
Tata Nano
Steam Engine
Steam Locomotive

Amazon Kindle
Apple iPod
Audio Highway Listen Up
Bose Noise-Canceling Headphones
Diamond Rio PMP300
Genica GN803 Tavarua
Logitech Harmony
Mattel Electronics Football
MusicGremlin Wi-Fi MP3 Player
Nintendo Game Boy
Optical Media
Panasonic DVD-L10
Regency TR-1
Sony Discman D-50
Sony Walkman TPS-L2
Sony Watchman
Zenith Space Command

Apple AirPort
Apple iPad
Apple PowerBook 100
Asus Eee PC 700
Commodore 64
Connectix QuickCam
Engelbart Mouse
Epson HX-20
GRiD Compass 1101
Hewlett-Packard HP-65
Iomega Zip Drive
Lego Mindstorms 1.0
MITS Altair 8800
Radio Shack TRS-80 Model 100
Texas Instruments SR-10

Apple iPhone
Ballpoint Pen
Bell 103
Bellsouth IBM Simon
BlackBerry 6210
Bluetooth Headset
Danger Hiptop, a.k.a. Sidekick
Fisher AG7 Space Pen
Motorola DynaTAC 8000x
Motorola Handie-Talkie HT 220 Slimline
Motorola PageWriter 2000
Motorola Razr V3
Motorola StarTac
Novatel Wireless MiFi
Olympus Zuiko Pearlcorder
Palm Pilot 1000
PhoneMate Model 400
Samsung Uproar
Sharp J-SH04
Speak & Spell
Air Taser Model 34000
Casio G-Shock DW-5000C
The Clapper
Credit Card
Dyson Air Multiplier
Energizer Alkaline Batteries
Hamilton Pulsar
Lithium-Ion Batteries
Magellan NAV 1000
Spot Personal Tracker
Apple QuickTake 100
Canon EOS 5D Mark II
Fujifilm Quick Snap Disposable Camera
Kodak EasyShare One
Kodak Instamatic 100
Nikon F
Pentax K1000
Polaroid SX-70
Sony Betamovie BMC-100P
Sony Mavica MVC-FD5

Black & Decker Cordless Electric Drill
Clock Radio
Dirt Devil Hand Vac
Electric Razor
iRobot Roomba
Modern-Day Can Opener
Power Strip
Smoke Detector

Broxodent Electric Toothbrush
Digital Thermometer
Hearing Aids
Heart-Rate Monitor
Jarvik 7

Apple Newton
Atari Lynx
Sony LIBRIé EBR-1000EP
Archos Gmini 400
Psion MC 400,29569,2023689,00.html

Ball Point Pen - Product and Manufacturing Process History

29 October Engineering Knowledge History[1]

29 October 1945 - The first ball point pen in the U.S. went on sale at Gimbels Department Stores for $12.95.

The first successful sales of ballpoint pen happened on 29 October 1945. The day before, there was a full-page ad in the New York Times announcing the first sale of ballpoint pens in the United States. On the first day of sales, Gimbels sold the entire stock of 10,000 pens-at $12.50 each.

The pens were manufactured by a Chicago salesman named Milton Reynolds.  Reynolds had seen  a ball pen (Biro’s pen)  in a stores in Argentina and speculated on its popularity in America.  Many of the patents issued on ball pens had expired by then. So Reynolds developed his ball pen without any patent protection or support.  Reynolds made a  deal with Gimbels to sell ballpoint pens.  He set up a factory with 300 workers.

The subsequent demand was unprecedented. In the first three months,  two million pens were sold through 60,000 retail outlets in the United States and 37 foreign countries, for total revenues of $5.7 million, with a net income of $1.6 million.  Gimbel’s alone sold 100,000 pens[4].

The first patent for a ball point pen was issued to John Loud in 1988 (30 October 1988). See a discussion on the concept claimed in the patent. ( )

Manufacturing Process

4.Robert Sobel, When Giants Stumble: Classic Business Blunders and How to Avoid Them, Prentice-Hall Press, 1999, p.p. viii-xi

Sunday, October 28, 2012

3D Printing - Introduction and Videos

A Primer on 3D Printing
Ted Talk - Video Presentation

How 3D Printing Works?

3D Printing Machines

Desktop machine

See its demonstration in a 3D Printing YouTube Video


Video uploaded by CNETTV - YouTube Partner
uploaded Jan 2012

Monday, October 22, 2012

Engineering Science Lectures - Sonoma State University, USA

April 5th 2012: "Circuit Simulation for Computer-Aided Design"
Dr. David Root: Agilent Research Fellow, and
Dr. Radek Biernacki: Senior Member of Technical Staff,
both IEEE Fellows



Software Engineering - Proofs and Tests - Specifications and Use Cases.

National Science + Engineering Competition UK 2012-13

For students in age group 11 - 18 years
The Competition is open for entries from March - October each year, through either Regional Fairs or Online Applications. For the year 2012-13 The chosen Finalists are invited to showcase their work to thousands of people at The Big Bang Fair in March 2013.

There are many benefits to entering the competition, including improving your communication skills and honing your science/engineering knowledge. There are a range of fantastic prizes, including 'once in a lifetime' experiences and cash prizes.

Entries are now open for the Online Application of the Competition - applications close on 31 October 2012.

YouTube Video of the final presentations in March 2012 for the last year competition